Concept of Culture and Civilisation in India
Concept of Culture and Civilisation in India
The words ‘culture’ and ‘civilization’ are often used interchangeably. However, they have made it very clear that they are different. ‘Civilization’ is the best way to live life and sometimes bend nature to meet their needs. It also includes organizing A society with politically well-defined groups working together for a better life in the areas of food, dress, transportation, etc. In this way some groups consider themselves civilized and ignore others. This is the nature of certain groups Even wars and Holocausts caused great human destruction.
‘Culture’ on the other hand means the heart means the refinement of the head and the heart. It includes arts and sciences, music and dance, and various higher functions in human life that are classified as cultural activities. A poor and cheap wearer of Clothing may be considered ‘rude’ but still he or she may be the most cultured person. When we think of culture, we have to understand that it is different from civilization, because a person with irritable wealth can be considered ‘civilized’ but not cultured.
culture is man’s ‘high level of inner sophistication’. Humans are not just physical animals. They live and work on three levels: physical, mental and spiritual. Civilization is a better way of living socially and politically and making better use of the nature around us. This is not enough to be civilized. We can call a person ‘cultured’ only when a deep level of intellect and conscience comes into expression.
CULTURE AND HERITAGE
Cultural development is a historical process. Our ancestors learned many things from their predecessors. Over time, he added to it from his own experience and left those who did not find it useful. We learned a lot from our ancestors as time went on, adding new ideas, new ideas to those that already existed, and sometimes we give up on things that we no longer considered useful. In this way, the culture is transmitted and passed down from generation to generation. The culture we inherit from our ancestors is called our cultural heritage.
This heritage exists on different levels. The whole of humanity has inherited a culture that might be called human heritage. A country also gets a culture that may be known as a national cultural heritage. Cultural heritage includes all aspects or values of the culture that have been transmitted to humans by their ancestors from generation to generation. They are nurtured, protected and maintained with uninterrupted continuity and they are proud of it.
Some examples will be useful in explaining the concept of inheritance. Taj Mahal, Gandhinagar and Swami Narayan Temple of Delhi, Red Fort of Agra, Qutub Minar of Delhi, Jain Temple of Mysore Palace, Dilwada (Rajasthan) Nizamuddin Aulia’s Dargah, Golden Temple of Amritsar, Gurdwara Sisganj of Delhi, Sanchi Stupa, Christian Church Goa, India Gate etc. There are important places of our heritage and they will be protected in every way.
Architectural surgeons, monuments, physical artifacts, intellectual achievements, philosophy, treasures of knowledge, scientific inventions and discoveries are also part of the heritage. In the Indian context, Buddhism, Aryabhata’s contribution to mathematics, astronomy and astrology; Kanad and Varahmihir in the field of physics; Chemistry in the field of yoga, Sushruta and Charak and Nagarjuna in the field of Patanjali in the field of yoga are the deep treasures of Indians.
Cultural heritage. Culture is responsible for the change, but our heritage does not. We can assimilate or acquire certain cultural qualities of other communities/cultures by individuals belonging to a particular culture or group but our connection with Indian cultural heritage will remain intact. Our Indian cultural heritage will bind us together e.g. The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Gita and the Yoga system, etc., have contributed a great deal to Indian literature and scriptures as a way to provide the right knowledge, the right actions, behaviors and methods to complement the development of civilization.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE
Culture is learned and acquired:
Culture is acquired in the sense that certain behaviors are acquired through heredity. People inherit certain qualities from their parents but do not inherit socio-cultural patterns. It is learned from family members, from the community through which they live. This is how it is Human culture affects the physical and social environment through which they walk.
Culture is shared by a group of people:
A thought or action can be called culture if it is shared and believed or studied by a group of people.
Culture is cumulative:
the different knowledge contained in a culture can be passed on from one generation to another. As time goes on, more and more knowledge is added to a particular culture. Everyone can solve the problems that have plagued life for generations. This cycle persists as a specific culture Not with the time.
Changes in culture:
There are knowledge, ideas or traditions that are lost due to the addition of new cultural features. Cultural change is likely to occur in a particular culture as time goes on.
Culture is dynamic:
no culture remains static. Culture is constantly changing as new ideas and new techniques are added while changing or altering old methods. This is a characteristic of the culture that has arisen from the compound quality of the culture.
Culture gives us a range of permissible behavior patterns: it includes how an activity should be done, how one should behave properly.
Culture is diverse:
it is a system that consists of interdependent parts. Although these parts are different, the cultures that make the whole are interdependent.
Culture is ideological:
An ideal pattern of behavior is often set that is expected to be followed by individuals in order to gain social acceptance.
IMPORTANCE OF CULTURE IN HUMAN LIFE
Culture is closely related to life. We are not add-ons, ornaments that we can use as human beings. It’s not just a touch of color. This is what makes us human. Without culture, there is no man. Culture is made up of traditions, beliefs, lifestyles The most spiritual. It gives us a way to live life. Man is the creator of culture and at the same time, culture makes us human.
A fundamental element of culture is the issue of religious faith and its symbolic expression. We must value religious identities and be aware of current efforts to make progress in terms of international dialogue, which is actually an intercultural dialogue. The world is becoming more and more global and we are united on a more global scale and we don’t think there is only one way of life or that it is valid for anyone.
The need for companionship necessitates the co-existence of culture and faith. To avoid such mistakes, the best thing you can do is learn about other cultures as well as get to know yourself. How can we interact with other cultures if we don’t really know what our own culture is? Truth, beauty and goodness are closely related to the three eternal and universal values. With culture. Culture brings us closer to the truth through philosophy and religion; It brings beauty into our lives through the arts and makes us animals of beauty; And it is this culture that brings us closer to other human beings and makes us moral creatures
Values of love, tolerance and peace.