Features of Indian culture
Features of Indian culture
Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. The ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, Rome, etc. perished over time and only their remains remain.
Its basic principles were the same as in ancient times. One can see gram panchayat, caste system and joint family system. Mahavira and Lord Krishna are still alive today and they are the inspiration.
The values of spirituality, praying nature, karma and reincarnation, faith, non-violence, truth, non-theft, purity, non-executability, etc.Physical development comes under the Art of Living, customs, traditions and culture, while literature comes under culture.
This is the reason why civilization was destroyed. Indian culture still exists today because the basis of development was spirituality and not materialism.
Traditional Indian culture, leading entirely to spirituality, promotes moral values and an attitude of generosity, simplicity and frugality. Some of the notable features of Indian culture that pervade its numerous castes, tribes, ethnic groups and religious groups and sects As follows
A cosmic vision
The framework of Indian culture puts human beings in the concept of the universe a divine creation. It is not only human-centered (human-centered) and considers all elements of creation, both living and non-living, to be divine forms. Therefore, it respects God’s design and promotes the ideals of co-existence. In this sense, man, nature and God are united in one inseparable. This is reflected in the idea of Satyam-Shivam-Sundaram.
Sense of Harmony
Indian philosophy and culture strive to achieve innate harmony and order and this is extended to the entire universe. Indian culture assumes that the natural secular system inherent in nature is the foundation of the moral and social order. Internal harmony is considered to be the foundation of external harmony. External order and beauty will naturally follow internal harmony. Indian culture is balanced and strives to combine literature and spirituality, as stated clearly by the concept of masculinity.
Tolerance is an important feature of Indian culture. India has tolerance and liberalism for all religions, castes, communities etc. Many foreign cultures invaded India and every culture in Indian society got a chance to flourish. Indian society accepted and respected Shaka, Huna, Shithian, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Jain and Buddhist cultures. Tolerance towards all religions is a wonderful feature of Indian society. Veda says- Truth is one, yet scholars describe it in different forms. In the Gita, Lord Krishna says, “Those who pray to others really pray to me.” The idea is to be tolerant. In India, different religions coexist peacefully and all are influencing each other – although some religious organizations have had a negative impact on conversion practices. All existing religions in India are equally respected. Indian culture embraces the diversity of reality and assimilates a plurality of attitudes, behaviors, customs and institutions. There is no attempt to suppress diversity on the side of equality. The motto of Indian culture is both diversity and diversity in unity.
Indian culture embraces the diversity of reality and assimilates a plurality of , behaviors, attitudes, institutions and customs.
Consistency and stability
The principles of Indian culture in the early days are just as applicable today. One of the features of Indian culture is its constant flow. Because, Indian culture is based on values, so it is constantly evolving. Many centuries have passed, many changes have taken place, many foreign invaders have had to be confronted, but the light of Indian culture continues to shine even today. Unlike the cultures of Egypt, Greece, Rome, Sumer, Babylon, and Syria, no historian can finish history because it is still in the construction phase. – Indian culture can be understood by looking at the current cultural standards. The light of ancient Indian culture life is still shining. Many invasions took place, many rulers changed, many laws were passed but even today traditional institutions, religions, epics, literature, philosophy, traditions etc. are alive. The situation and the government could not remove them completely. The stability of Indian culture is unique to us even today. Indian culture is conducive to continuous change. It is on the side of gradual change or improvement. It is not conducive to sudden or immediate change. Therefore, most of the changes in thinking have come in the form of commentary and interpretation, not in the form of original thoughts. In the case of behavior, the synthesis of the old and the new is preferred over the replacement of the old by the new.
Convenience has a great contribution to make Indian culture immortal. Adaptation is a process of change over time, place, and period. It is an essential element of the longevity of any culture. There is a unique property of adjustment in Indian culture, as a result of which it persists even today. Indian families, castes, religions and institutions are changing themselves over time. Due to its adaptability and coordination with Indian culture, its continuity, usefulness and activities still exist. Dr. Radha Krishnan, in her book ‘Indian Culture: Some Thoughts’, describes the suitability of Indian culture, whether black or white, Hindu or Muslim, Christian or Jewish, and says that our country is the whole world. We need to have devotion to those things, which are beyond the limits of knowledge and it is difficult to say anything about it. Our hope for mankind was based on that faith and devotion, which others thought about. There should be no attempt to impose your thoughts on others.
Receptivity is an important feature of Indian culture. Indian culture has always been a well-received culture of aggression. Indian culture is like the sea, with many rivers to come and meet. In the same way, all castes committed suicide in Indian culture and quickly dissolved into Hindutva. Indian culture has always adapted to other cultures: the ability to maintain unity in the diversity of all is the best. The credibility developed in this culture due to this receptivity is a boon for this world and is appreciated by all. We have always embraced the properties of different cultures. Vasudaiva Kutumbakam is the soul of Indian culture. Indian culture always responds and activates foreign cultures by acquiring and adjusting elements. Indian culture received elements of Muslim culture and was hesitant to accept the useful things of foreign culture that it had never had before. Therefore, its continuity, usefulness and activity are still there. In this culture adaptability and receptivity have given us the power to survive in all situations. This wealth has never destroyed Indian culture in the face of foreign aggression. In fact, Indian society and culture had facilitated the foreign invaders by approaching them and getting close to them, and not only gave them but also got many things.
Spirituality is the soul of Indian culture. Here the existence of the soul is accepted. Therefore, the ultimate goal of man is not material happiness but self-realization. Radha Kumud Mukherjee, in her book ‘Hindu Civilization’, analyzes that Indian culture, which has retained its individual characteristics, built the whole nation in such a way that the nation and culture were considered inseparable and united. Nation became culture and culture became nation. Beyond the physical world, the country took the form of the spiritual world. When Indian culture originated during the Vedic period, it spread to Saptasindhu, Brahmavarta, Aryavarta, Jambudweep, Bharat Varsha or Bharat. Due to his strength, he reached abroad beyond the borders of India and established himself there as well.
Religion has a central place in Indian culture. The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Puranas, the Mahabharata, the Gita, the Agama, the Tripitaka, the Quran and the Bible all influence people on Indian culture. These books have developed optimism, theism, renunciation, penance, restraint, good conduct, truthfulness, compassion, honesty, friendship, forgiveness, etc. Monier Williams is right when he says, “There are 50,000 or more languages in India, but there is only one religious language and there is only one religious literature, which is believed by all followers of Hinduism, differing in caste, language, social status and opinion.” And pray with devotion. That language is Sanskrit and that literature is Sanskrit literature. This is the only dictionary of Vedas or other knowledge. It is the only source of Hinduism and philosophy, the only mirror that reflects Hindu thought, thought, practice and rightly. Tradition. It is and is also a resource for the development of regional languages Obtaining literature for the publication of important religious and scientific ideas.
Thoughts on karma and reincarnation
The concept of karma (action) and reincarnation has a special significance in Indian culture. It is believed that one gets virtue by doing good deeds and is born in a higher order in the next life and leads a comfortable life. The evildoer is born in a lower order during his next birth and endures pain and lives a miserable life. The Upanishads say that the principle of the fruit of action is correct. Man reaps the fruits of his labor. That is why man needs to change his actions, so that the next birth will also improve. He will be saved by doing good deeds continuously throughout his life, that is, he will be freed from the cycle of birth and death. This concept is the basis not only of Upanishads but also of Jains, Buddhists etc. Thus, the concept of reincarnation is related to the principle of action. The real cause of reincarnation is the actions performed in the previous birth.
Emphasis on duty
As opposed to rights, Indian culture emphasizes religion or moral duty. It is believed that it is more important to do one’s duty than to do one’s duty. It also emphasizes complementarity between one’s own duties and the rights of others. Thus, by emphasizing community or family responsibilities, Indian culture promotes independence and interdependence rather than autonomy.
The ideal of a joint family
There is plurality in India at the level of marriage. At the family level, however, there are significant similarities. For example, the ideal or ideal of a joint family is backed by almost every Indian. Not every person lives in a joint house but the ideal of a joint family is still favorable. This family is a defining feature of Indian culture. Although Indians differ in their independent and familial identities, Western-style individualism is rare in Indian culture.
Another feature of Indian culture is social stratification. There are about 200 castes in each part of India. The social structure is made up of thousands of castes and sub-castes, Which determines a person’s social status based on their birth. E.A.H. According to Blunt, there is a cast Collection of inter-married or inter-married groups, which have a common name, who have membership There is heredity and some restrictions and rules are placed on its members who live together socially. Its members, Either do traditional business or claim their uniform community. ‖ Thus there is a special in Indian culture Stratification system
Unity in diversity
Unity in Diversity is an important feature of Indian culture. Indian culture is very diverse in terms of geography, caste, religion, language, religion, politics, etc. Dr. R. K. Mukherjee writes, ‘India is a museum of diverse communities, customs, traditions and religions. , Culture, faith, language, caste and social system. But despite such external diversity, the internal unity of Indian culture cannot deny anyone. Thus there is unity in diversity in Indian culture. According to Pandit Nehru, “People who see India are enthusiastic about their unity in diversity. No one can break this unity. India’s fundamental unity is great. Fundamental Factors.‖ According to Sir Herbert Rizal, linguistic, social and geographical diversity shows a special unity from Kanyakumari to the Himalayas. As a new layer forms around the tree each year, In the same way, the layers of the same historical period revolve around the tree of Indian culture and derive life from it. We all live in the cool shade of that tree. The concept of unity and diversity will be discussed in detail in separate paragraphs.