Shaheed Bhagat Singh is inspiration for the youth
Shaheed Bhagat Singh is inspiration for the youth
Bhagat Singh vowed to avenge the murder of these unarmed people on the blood-stained soil of Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh. In 1920, Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement and called upon the countrymen to leave government schools and government employees to resign from their posts.
The freedom with which we are leading a life of happiness and peace today stands on the foundation of infinite sacrifices, sacrifices and martyrdoms of innumerable patriotic brave revolutionaries knowingly or unknowingly. One such immortal revolutionaries included Shaheed Bhagat Singh, whose name only makes the chest wide with pride and pride. He was born on 28 September 1907 in a patriotic family in Banga village of district Lyallpur in Punjab (Pakistan). Grandfather Arjun Singh and Grandmother Jaykaur called him ‘Bhagat’ by calling him ‘Bhagwaal’. The child Bhagat was considered a lucky child because, shortly after his birth, his father Sardar Kishan Singh, who was in Lahore jail for being a freedom fighter, was released and on the third day of his birth both the uncles were on bail. get left.
In the child Bhagat Singh, the rites of the patriotic family were filled with code. Once his father Sardar Kishan Singh took him to the farm of his friend Mehta. Both the friends got busy talking. In the meantime, Bhagat Singh buried small wooden straws on small dolls in the field. Mehta was shocked to see this. He asked what has he sowed, Bhagat? The boy Bhagat replied vehemently that ‘I have sown guns. I will free my country from them. The amazing thing is that at that time Bhagat’s age was only three years. There are many examples of this red, who freed Mother India from the shackles of subjugation, painted in the color of such patriotism.
At the age of five, his name was written in the District Board Primary School of his native Banga village. When he was eleven years old, his elder brother Jagat Singh, who was studying with him, died untimely. After this Sardar Kishan Singh’s family moved to Nawakot near Lahore. Bhagat Singh, a child who had passed the primary, got the D.A.V. of Lahore, full of national ideology instead of Khalsa school according to the Sikh tradition. Got enrolled in the school. Meanwhile, on the day of Vaisakhi on April 13, 1919, there was a huge gathering of the countrymen at Jallianwala Bagh in protest against the Rowlatt Act. Due to the brutal and oppressive orders of General Dyer, the English soldiers opened fire on the unarmed people. This atrocity further fueled the fire of revolution across the country.
Bhagat Singh vowed to avenge the murder of these unarmed people on the blood-stained soil of Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh. In 1920, Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement and called upon the countrymen to leave government schools and government employees to resign from their posts. At that time, Bhagat Singh, who was studying in class IX, in the year 1921 on the call of Gandhiji, D.A.V. Leaving school, he took admission in the National College established by Lala Lajpat Rai in Lahore. Coming to this college, Bhagat Singh came in contact with revolutionary companions like Yashpal, Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev, Ramkishan, Teerthram, Jhanda Singh. The lectures of patriots like Lala Lajpat Rai and Parmanand in the college gave wonderful communication of patriotism. College Prof. Vidyalankar ji had special affection for Bhagat Singh. In fact, Prof. Jaichand Vidyalankar was the political guru of Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh used to play an active role in patriotic programs under his guidance.
At the same time, when the family members put pressure on Bhagat Singh for marriage, he flatly refused the marriage. When the pressure was too much, in patriotism, Rame Bhagat Singh completed his B.A. in 1924 with the aim of fulfilling his mission of the country’s independence. Leaving his studies incomplete, he ran away from college. Then they joined in the struggle for independence only and only with the patriots. After escaping from college, Bhagat Singh came in contact with famous revolutionaries like Sureshchandra Bhattacharya, Batukeshwar Dutt, Ajay Ghosh, Vijay Kumar Sinha. With this, Bhagat Singh started organizing the revolutionary youth of Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. During this time, Bhagat Singh played his role as a correspondent in the ‘Pratap’ newspaper. Due to these activities, Bhagat Singh met the great revolutionary of Indian history, Chandrashekhar Azad.
The family members of Bhagat Singh did a lot of research and made a written promise to Bhagat Singh that he would return home, that no pressure would be put on him to get married. This written promise of the family members and the news of grandmother’s serious illness compelled Bhagat Singh to return home. After coming home, he started traveling all over Punjab to become aware of the problems of the society. The Akali movement of 1925 made Bhagat Singh active again. The British government prepared a false case and issued an arrest warrant in the name of Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh reached Lahore from Punjab and became active in revolutionary activities and started stifling the British government.
The ‘Kakori-Kand’ happened on August 1, 1925. The treasury of 8 Down train going from Hardoi to Lucknow was looted by the members of ‘Hindustan Republican Association’ to collect funds for the party. Some revolutionaries were caught in this case. Bhagat Singh tried his best to rescue the captured revolutionaries, but he could not get success. In March, 1926, he organized ‘Naujawan Sabha’ in Lahore by organizing youths with similar revolutionary ideologies and handed over the responsibility of its president to Ramakrishna. Ramakrishna was the ceremonial president, while Bhagat Singh was originally run by himself. Then its branches were opened in other parts of the country as well.
In June 1928, on the same lines, Bhagat Singh formed the ‘Student Union’ in Lahore itself and made revolutionary youth its members. The British government was stunned by the exploits of Bhagat Singh. She was looking for an excuse to arrest him. He also got this excuse on the day of Dussehra in 1927. When Bhagat Singh was returning from Titli Bagh, someone threw a bomb at the fair held on Dussehra. Bhagat Singh was arrested by falsely implicating him. In fact, at the behest of the police, the bomb was thrown by an Englishman named Channandin. Bhagat Singh was arrested and kept in Lahore Jail without trial and after that he was sent to Bostal Jail. Despite lakhs of police conspiracies, Bhagat Singh was released on bail. Even after getting bail, Bhagat Singh continued to conduct active revolutionary activities.
On August 8, 1928, a meeting of revolutionaries from all over the country was called at Feroz Shah Kotla. On the advice of Bhagat Singh, the name of ‘Hindustan Republican Association’ was changed to ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Association’. In this meeting, the revolutionaries passed many important resolutions. The head office of the association was shifted from Agra to Jhansi. On several occasions, Bhagat Singh cleverly disguised himself as the British government. The Simon Commission, which reached Lahore on October 30, 1928, was strongly opposed by all the revolutionaries and patriotic people including Bhagat Singh under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai. In the repressive action of the police, Lala ji suffered serious injuries and could not be saved despite lakhs of efforts. On November 17, 1928, Lala ji went to heaven. The blood of the revolutionaries boiled. On December 17, 1928, the revolutionaries strategized to kill Scott, the architect of this action, but Saunders was assassinated instead of Scott. This work was done by Bhagat Singh along with Jaigopal, Rajguru etc. After this the police became thirsty for Bhagat Singh’s blood.
Later on, this patriot and revolutionary Bhagat Singh prepared the outline of a historical plan like throwing bombs in the assembly in protest against some black bills. After long discussions with the revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh himself planned to throw the bomb, in which Batukeshwar Dutt assisted him. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw light bombs in the empty courtyard of the assembly, raised socialist slogans, raised slogans for the fall of the British government, and first on 8 April, 1929, in order to make the deaf hear their voices. Also throw away ready-made printed pamphlets. According to the plan, both the patriots handed themselves over to the police so that they could openly explain their point of view to the British government through the courts.
On 7 March 1929, the trial of the case began in the court of Additional Magistrate Mr. Both the brave patriots kept their side in the court filled with slogans of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ every time. The court made a case under Section 307 of the Indian Penal Code and handed it over to the Sessions Court. On June 4, 1929, the proceedings of the Court of Session began. Serious charges were leveled against both. Revolutionaries Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt strongly denied every allegation. Finally, on June 12, 1929, the court gave its 41-page verdict, in which both the revolutionaries were sentenced to life imprisonment under Section 307 and Section 3 of Explosive Substances. Soon after, Bhagat Singh was sent to Mianwali Jail in Punjab and Batukeshwar Dutt to Lahore Central Jail. These revolutionaries appealed against the decision of the Sessions Court in the High Court to take their ideas to more people. Finally, on January 13, 1930, the High Court also rejected his appeal under the well-planned English conspiracy. Meanwhile, Bhagat Singh started a hunger strike in jail.
Meanwhile, the trial of the ‘Saunders-murder’ case was started. A special court was constituted. Giving its arbitrary verdict, the court sentenced Rajguru and Sukhdev along with Bhagat Singh to death by convicting them in the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya again appealed against the decision in the High Court on February 14, 1931. But the appeal was dismissed. Bhagat Singh was not even allowed to meet his family members in jail. The last meeting of Bhagat Singh with his family took place on March 3, 1931. Twenty days after this, on March 23, 1931, the brutal British government hanged these revolutionaries before the stipulated time and there should be no revolution in the country, due to this fear the cremation of those martyr patriots also sneaked in Ferozepur. – done it secretly. In this way Sardar Bhagat Singh became immortal forever in Indian history in the form of ‘Shaheed Azam’. Yesterday also Sardar Bhagat Singh was the ideal of everyone, is today and will remain so in the coming tomorrow, because a revolutionary like him has never been born and never will be. Only by following his principles and ideals can a grateful nation pay him a true tribute.