Shahaji Raje Maharaj

Swarajya inspiration Shahaji Maharaj

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Swarajya inspiration Shahaji Maharaj

Pre-history of Shahaji Maharaj

Swarajya inspiration Shahaji Maharaj : Maloji Raje had two sons, Shahaji and Sharifji. Shahaji born in 1594 and Sharifji  Born in 1597 at Verul . Maloji Raje died in 1606. At that time Shahaji Raje was only five years old.

Swarajya inspiration Shahaji Maharaj

Swarajya inspiration Shahaji Maharaj

His two children Shahaji and Sharifji were taken care of by his mother Umabai with great care. Maloji’s brother Vithoji also took the responsibility of protecting both his nephews.

At this time, Emperor Akbar wanted to bring the whole of India, including the South, under his empire, There was ambition. In the south, In 1594, Burhan Nizamshah of Ahmednagar died. After his death, the emperor Akbar came to know that the competition for power in the Nizamashahi court had begun and that there was despair among the chiefs.

Emperor Akbar decided to take advantage of this confusion by sending troops from Delhi to Ahmednagar. At that time, Ranshur Chodbimbi, the chief steward of the Nizamshahi, put up a bitter resistance against the Mughals and defended the Nizamshahi. After her death, Ahmednagar was again besieged by the Mughals Conquered on August 19, 1600.

Wazir Malik Amber was not disappointed even though the capital was lost. In the name of Murtaza Nizamshah II,started the administration of Nizamshah. In 1619, Malik Amber established the capital at Khadki (now Aurangabad). The following year, Malik Amber entrusted the independent administration of Jahagiri to Shahaji Raje .When the Mughal army plundered Khadki in 1616, Malik Amber surrendered and was reconciled.

The Marathas power emerged during the reign of Malik Amber. Malik Amber prepares to fight the Mughals in 1618. Malik Ambras felt it necessary to raise an army of Marathas fighting with guerrilla warfare to fight the Mughals from 1618 to 1626, in fighting of Malik Amber-Mughal, Jadhav, Kate, Shahaji Raje Bhosale, Udaram and other Maratha chiefs gained experience. Shahaji Raje married Laghuji Jadhavrao’s daughter Jijabai. It happened around 1619.

The first four years of his candidature (1620 to 1624) were spent under the leadership of Nizamshahi Bajir Malik Amber. In the last year of them, the battle of Bhatwadi took place. The battle was fought between Malik Amber and Shahaji and other chiefs on one side and Bijapurkar and Mughal chiefs on the other.

The main reasons for this battle were the rift between the Nizamshahis and the Adilshahis and the desire of the Mughals to conquer the southern country. In this battle  Started in 1624 and Bijapuri Sardar Mulla. Mohammed Lari was killed. Seeing this, Bijapuri army fled with a bang.

Malik Amber defeated about twenty five Adilshahi chiefs. Some were beheaded. Malik Amber also defeated the Mughal chiefs. Shahaji Raje ‘s brother Sharifji was killed in this battle. However, Shahaji Raje performed a great feat and defeated a Mughal general. Adilshah realized that Shahaji Raje had done a great feat in this battle.

In this battle, it is possible for Shahaji Raje to adopt guerrilla warfare (ganimika) . Adilshah was fascinated by the spectacular prowess of Shahaji Raje .Moreover, Malik Amber and Shahaji Raje did not have special friendship after this battle.

So Shahaji Raje quit his job as Nizam Shah and joined Adilshahi as Sir Lashkar. In the war between these two Shahis, he first took control of Adilshahi from Nizamshahi with the help of Mulukh Bijapuri army from Pune, Pargana B Pats. Malikambar undertook the task of punishing Shahaji Raje and sent an army against him. and in the ghats of Salvapa they were trapped.

This time he was assisted by Sambhaji Mohite. Therefore, by recommending Sambhaji to Adilshah, Shahaji Raje gave him the title of Talbid. (January 10, 1626) Meanwhile, Shahaji Maharaj married Tukabai, the sister of Sambhaji Mohite. She is his second wife.

Unfortunately for Shahaji Raje , the second Inrahim Adilshah died in September 1627. Then his son Muhammad Adilshah came to the throne. He hated Hindu chiefs. Therefore, it did not occur to Shahaji Raje that it would be his duty. Moreover, Malik Amber, the chief vizier of the Nizamshahi, had died.

This made it more advantageous for Shahaji Raje to leave Adilshahi and go to Nizamshahi. At the beginning of 1628, he left Adilshahi and returned to Nizmashahi at the behest of Nizamshahi. and Mokasa of his Pune paragana got his name from Nizam Shah. from March 1628 to November 1629, Shahaji Raje ruled for 9 years and 8 months.

The powerful sardars like Jadhavrao betray him in the future. To prevent this from happening, the Nizam Shah decided to arrest and detain them. Jadhav He invited the congregation to visit the fort of Daulatabad on 25th August 1629. While he was being held, a strange riot broke out. Lakhuji himself and  his two sons Abaloji and Raghoji’s grandson Yashwantrao were killed. Lakhuji’s wife Girjabai, brother Jagdevrao B’s son Bahadurji escaped and took refuge in the fort of Sindarkhed.

Seeing that his father-in-law had been murdered by treachery, Shahaji Raje realized that it was dangerous to stay in the Nizamshahi anymore and that there should be some insidious conspiracy in the attempt to bring him back to the Nizamshahi. After leaving Adilshah, his anger was directed at Adilshah, who was Nizamshah’s assistant at this time.

The Mughal power was in a lot of trouble at this time: with the return of the Mongols to the Nizamshah under Balaghat, the front of the war, which had been brought forward a lot, fell far behind. Lodi’s revolt was started in a single house. Jadhavrao had a crowd of twenty-five thousand. Moreover Adilshah and Nizamshah had proved to be united.

In such a difficult situation, the emperor immediately accepted Shahaji Raje ‘s request to join the Mughal service with all his conditions and sent a decree immediately. So Shahaji Raje got ten thousand army. The Mughal emperor promised Shahaji Raje that he would give Pune, Supe, Junnar and Sangamneradi parishes to Maloji Raje . Therefore, Shahaji Raje married his father son Sambhaji at Shivneri and he joined the Mughal service in November 1629

After staying with Nasir Khan, the Mughal chief for a couple of months, he chased the rebels like Ibrahim Lodi and drove them north. After that, Shahaji Raje took possession of his equipment from the Nizamshahi Sardars.  Departed in early January 1630.

Shahaji Raje was given Jahagir of Pune Pargana by Nizam Shah. It was not very difficult for him to take control of this land. The locals were attracted to Shahaji Raje . After arranging this mulukha, Shahaji Raje again went to Shivneri in the rainy season. Now this survey part had become his property.

At this time, Emperor Shah Jahan ordered Shahaji Raje to go to the aid of Mughal Sardar Azam Khan. At this time Azam Khan was on the back of the rebellious Mughal Subhedar Khan Jahan. Azam Khan wanted to capture Khan Jahan on the orders of Shah Jahan Badshah. Sher Khan, another Mughal Pathan, ran to the aid of the rebel Khan Jahan.

The two turned their front towards Beed. Realizing that Azam Khan was on his back, Khan Jahan B fled north from Jalna Pura. On his back was Azam Khan with Shahaji Raje . But seeing that Abdullah Khan and Syed Muzaffar were running away Shahaji Raje returned to Shivneris around November 1630. Here, the emperor’s chiefs fought a battle with Daryakhan near Sinroj, in which Daryakhan was killed on 11 January 1630. He died on 22nd January 1630 while Khanjahan was fighting for his life.

Shahaji Raje came to Shivneris in the rainy season of 1630. Seeing the son’s face, the boy completed the rest of the ritual. At this time the Nizamshahit was in despair. Fateh Khan Bajir, son of Malik Amber, became the ruler of  Nizamshahi. Tired of Fateh Khan’s reign, Shahaji Raje had come to the Mughals. Fateh Khan was joined by the Mughals from within. When he surrendered the fort of Daulatabad to the Mughals on 18 June 1633, the Mughals ended the Nizamshahi and made Fateh Khan, the vizier of the Nizamshahi, their ally and imprisoned the young Sultan Hussain Shah.

Shahaji Raje did not like the service of the Mughals. After serving the Mughals for 9 years, he defeated the Mughals and entered the Nizamshahi around 1631-32. In the next half year, Wazir Fateh Khan installed Nizamshahi in the house of Mughals. Seeing this, Shahaji Raje suggested that we should revive the Nizamshahi. Similarly, Shahaji Raje prepared to fight the Mughals with the help of Adilshahi Sardar Murar Jagdev and Ranadullah Khan.

With the help of Adilshahi chiefs, Shahaji Raje recaptured Nizamshah’s Mughal territory with the help of guerrilla warfare. Hussein Shah, the youngest on the throne of Nizamshahi. Gwalior was in the custody of the Mughals. A young boy named Murtaza (III) from his Abji Nizamshah dynasty was arrested at Pemagiri fort and he was installed on the throne of Nizamshah at Pemagiri fort.

Shahaji Raje himself became the Wazir of the Nizam. (AD 1633) At that time, the Mughal army started chasing Shahaji Raje . Then Shahaji Raje took Jijabais with Bal Raje to Pemgad alias Bhimgad. There too the Mughal army came after them, so they went to Mahuli fort. There too, when Bijapur  went to pursue the Mughal army, Shahaji Raje handed over the minor Nizam to the Mughals. Nailaja went to Shahaji Raje Adilshahi’s job as a mansabdar of 12 thousand.

During this rush hour Balshivaji Raje and  Matoshri Jijabai resided in various places like Shivneri, Ahmednagar, Pemgiri, Daulatabad and Mahuli. In it, the root of the Nizamshah beyond Bhima river should be given to the Mughals, to the recent Adilshah; Adilshah should give it to Shahaji Raje . Maharaj should serve Adilshahi with twelve thousand Swarannis.

The route given by Tahant Saranjamas to the south of Bhimaraver included Pune. Shahaji Raje made Pune the main station of Jahagiri and appointed Dadaji Konddev Malthankar as Subhedar on his behalf.

Then in February 1637, Shahaji Raje went to Bijapur with his wife Jijabai, son Sambhaji and  Bal Shivaji. Shahaji Raje expressed his desire to achieve Swarajya in this regard. Sambhaji Raje will earn Swarajya in Karnataka and Shivaraya will establish Swarajya in Maharashtra by staying in Pune with Matoshri Jijabai.

There he entered the service of Adilshah on 25th February. With the consent of Adilshah, Shahaji Raje built a mansion for him to stay in Kampili village near Bijapur. They made a big garden and lived there.

Then Adilshah transferred Shahaji Raje to Bangalore and gave Kampi’s palace to Ghorpade to stay. Muhammad Adilshah was young, brilliant and ambitious. Adilshah realized that he would not be attacked from the north because of his alliance with the Mughals On the achievement of conquering Karnataka, Shahaji Raje was appointed along with Bijapur Sardar Randullakhan Yaj.

At this time, before the eyes of Adilshah, the region from Tungabhadra to Rameshwar in the south was occupied by Hindu kings. It was to their advantage that Adilshah and Qutbshah conquered this region. Therefore, these two Shahs made an agreement and decided that the eastern part of Karnataka should be conquered by Qutub Shah and the western part by Adilshah. Ranadullah sent Khanas with him to conquer the Hindu kings of Karnataka.

Situation of Karnataka around 1637:

This time the situation in Karnataka was chaotic. The Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar was defeated by Muslim rulers in the battle of Talikot in 1565. The state negotiated. One of the descendants of that dynasty lived in Veloras. The governors of the Vijayanagara Empire ruled over the territories under their control. Among them, Palekars of Ikkeri, Basavapattan, Bidnur and Bangalore had become independent from Vijayanagar state.

As mentioned above, there was an agreement between Adilshah and Gobalkondekar to conquer the territory of Karnataka. According to that agreement, Adilshah wanted to conquer the western part of Karnataka. There were small Hindu kingdoms in this western region, they were trying to win each other’s favor without harmonizing with each other. And for selfish reasons they seek the help of Bijapur Adilshah Began.

In this way Bijapuri Sardar Ranadulla Khan and Shahaji Raje got an opportunity to enter Karnataka. Two Bijapuri chiefs made Ikkeri, Basanwapattan, Nabidanur and Bangalore kings. Took ransoms from them. In the second invasion, Bijapuri Sardar Rustrumaja conquered Bangalore with the help of Shahaji Raje . Rustamja to Shahaji Raje for maintaining access to Bangalore and its environs Nemile- Then Shahaji Raje took possession of Bangalore and surrounding areas.

Over the years, with the help of Shahaji Raje , the Bijapur Sultan conquered a very large territory in Karnataka. He had got two provinces, Karnataka Payaghat and Karnataka Balaghat, by the power of Shahaji Raje . It was entrusted to him for the arrangement, of which Bangalore was included in the Balaghat subdivision, and from the time it was ceded to Shahaji Raje , this place became the head of Shahaji Raje ‘s state power in Karnataka.

Became the center.  In 1639, Shahaji Raje got the Jahagir of Bangalore. He made that city his capital. He arranged for 15-20 thousand troops to stay in those cities. Made their settlements. People from Maharashtra who came to Karnataka for devotional service were also given food, clothing and shelter. In this way Shahaji Raje settled his small kingdom in Bangalore and he lived like an independent king.

Shahaji Maharaj’s daily routine in Bangalore:

In Bangalore, the kings used to wake up in the morning with the melodious sound of Bhupals and chanting of mantras. Then take a pulse test from a doctor. After bathing, he entered the sabhamandap (court). The assembly hall was called Navagaji. The Navagjit kings, the colonial foreign bakol b sardars used to come and attend. Later, in the defiance of the spearmen, Maharaj entered the synagogue with the fire of the sword in his hand on the ground and ascended the throne.

After the meal, sometimes he would be involved in raids, hunting and sometimes with Pandit Karbhari, he would be involved in politics, justice, humor etc. After the evening ceremony, secret operations were carried out in the post office with a few diplomats.

In the 10th year of Bal Shivaji’s reign, Shahaji Raje (1640) brought him to Bangalore along with Rajmata Jijabai, kept him in his company in Bangalore for two years and trained him. During this period, Shivaji Raje was inspired by his father to create Swarajya. The story itself Shahaji Raje. He proved behind the scenes that it was not possible for him to do it from both his glorious sons.

He planned Swarajya for his son and sent his trusted chief diplomat along with Shivaji Raje from Bangalore to fulfill that Swarajya plan.As Subhedar of Karnataka, Shahaji Raje was ruling on behalf of Adilshah. He was accompanied by about 75 poets and scholars from different provinces.

He stopped the persecution of Hindus and the destruction of temples by the Muslim authorities in the area. He defended Hindu culture and literature. Marathi was given the status of court language. He gave important seats to Maharashtrian congregations in his government.

In the preface of Radhamadhav Vilas Champu, the historian Rajwade tells how Shahaji Raje ‘s deeds helped Shivaji Raje in his national work. He writes, “It is true that Shivaji got the credit for establishing Swarajya in Maharashtra! But history has it that Shahaji shared the credit for the original idea of Shahaji! Pingale, Atre, Dadaji, Pansambal, Rozekar, Jethe, Bandal, all these diplomats belong to Sardar Shahaji, Jahagir Shahaji! Gun, elephant; Shahaji’s equipment stored in Gadkot from horses and places!

At his insistence, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj constructed his magnificent building of Hindavi Swarajya.


Aslo read : History before Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

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